Foreign brides not only face different cultural conflicts, but also experience an abiding homesickness.
In February 2014, the Xinfan villager was helped by Vietnamese to select a local bride in Vietnam. When they presented him with a 29-year-old woman surnamed Huang, he was very satisfied. They got along very well with each other in the following week despite language barriers. After spending more than CNY20,000 for relevant certificates in Vietnam, he took the Vietnamese woman back to Fuzhou City and applied for marriage registration with the local civil affairs department.
In May this year, his wife said she was not feeling well and wanted to go to the hospital for an examination. After he took her to the hospital, she left while he was paying the bill. He called the police immediately and finally found his wife with the help of his relatives and the police. However, since her escape, his wife often cried at home.
In November, his Vietnamese wife was six months pregnant and required regular antenatal examinations, so he took his wife to hospital for necessary examinations. However, when he came out with the report from the doctors' office, his wife disappeared again and turned off her phone.
After receiving the husband's call, the police station in Changkai subordinate to Linchuan Public Security Bureau conducted investigations. It later transpired that his wife had returned to her homeland.
As both parties had handled the marriage registration in the correct manner, her behavior did not count as marriage fraud, and the police could only conduct mediation for the couple.
The villager later got in touch with his wife who was back in Vietnam. She expected him to provide CNY2, 000 each month for living expenses. After she gives birth to the child, he is expected to give CNY120, 000 to his wife's sister in a lump sum. This girl would never come back to him unless he agreed with these requirements.
Unfortunately, the villager is as poor as a church mouse and incapable of meeting these requirements. Besides, he is also wary that these demands may be an attempt to defraud him and he fears his wife may escape again after giving birth to the child.
Posters advertising marriage with Vietnamese brides can be seen on the streets of Vietnam.
The photo shows a warm family photo of Xiao Ying, his wife Ding Shihui and their child in Chongqing on July 19, 2012. Vietnamese brides in Chongqing speak fluent local dialect, make spicy tofu, and even hot pot becomes their favorite dish. They cultivate and keep a happy home and a happy life.
The photo shows a Hong Kong man applying for marriage registration, accompanied by his Vietnamese bride, in Hong Kong, on February 23, 1996. After staying for six years in Hong Kong, the 26-year-old Vietnamese woman, Dang Minh Thuy, finally had the chance to get married to a Hong Kong man she did not know.
The photo shows Lu Yung-Chu and his Vietnamese wife Ri Nguen and their daughter at home, in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, on September 5, 1996. As the status of women in Taiwan has been rising, Taiwanese women do not want to become housewives and stay at home. This change in their economic situation spawned a large number of brides from mainland China, Vietnam, Indonesia and other parts of Asia.
In recent years, local residents in Linqi Town of Linzhou City, Henan Province have married 23 Vietnamese girls, who have become accustomed to local life. Nevertheless, these girls are also troubled by some issues for some of them have not been granted Chinese nationality or permanent right of residency. The photo shows Vietnamese brides and their children in Linqi on July 24, 2013.
On November 6, 2013, in Changzhou Dean Hospital in Jiangsu, a Vietnamese bride suffering from mental health issues who married three Chinese men in a row was waiting for news from her homeland. The 37-year-old Vietnamese woman called Xiao Fang has been in China for 12 years, but eventually became homeless after suffering from mental illness. In 2008, she was sent to the asylum of Changzhou Dean Hospital by the police. Currently, her illness is under control and she hopes to return to her homeland and family. It troubled doctors a when the address offered by this woman in Vietnamese was incorrect, and as a result the hospital failed to find her family.
On April 10, 2014, seven brides from Vietnam who married men in Sujiatang Town and Hengtang Town in Xingzi County, Jiangxi Province disappeared in a single day. These seven men had spent about CNY12,000 each to marry these girls respectively were suddenly back to the single life after a ten-day marriage. The photo shows the mother of a victim with her son's wedding photos with his Vietnamese wife.
There are over 30 Vietnamese brides in Changkai Town in Linchuan. As they lack a Chinese cultural background, they may be incapable to become accustomed to local life. In the past three years, 13 brides have escaped from their families in the past three years.
A dozen Vietnamese brides in Tianshan Village in Jintao Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province escaped together. This highlights the social problem of the difficulty facing single men who are above the average marriage age in rural areas. When returning home with Nana, on February 18, 2016, her husband, Ada put his arm around her shoulder.
The police warn Chinese citizens who want to marry foreigners should first learn the other's marital status and ask him or her to provide a certificate.
When Chinese marry Vietnamese citizens, the party from Vietnam should apply for a single status certificate from Vietnam's embassy to China. The photo shows that on April 15, 2016 in Haian County, Jiangsu Province, police officers from the Duntou police station subordinate to Haian Public Security Bureau were interviewing Ruan Xiashi, a Vietnamese living in Dulou Village with a lawful residence permit.
There are five foreign brides from Vietnam and Cambodia in these villages within the administrative area of the police station. Three of them have married local residents and given birth to children with a permanent residence permit.
The other two were deemed to be illegal immigrants and were sent back to their homeland by the police.