(Yicai Global) March 10 -- Chinese scientists have successfully synthesized four artificial saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosomes, to achieve complete matching of synthetic sequences and design sequences of an artificial genome for the first time. The synthesized saccharomyces genome has a complete active life, which marks a great stride forward in re-creating life.
The above research results appeared today in the internationally-acclaimed academic journal Science as its cover story. This achievement makes China a nation second only to the US in terms of the design and building of eukaryotic genomes.
A research group consisting of members from Tianjin University, Tsinghua University and Beijing Genomics Institute and Shenzhen BGI College realized this achievement.
"If one says that genomic sequencing is to 'read life's codes,' then synthesis of genomics means 'writing life's codes,' thus it represents great progress to leap from reading to writing," said Yang Huanming, an academician with the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Since 2012, Tianjin University, Tsinghua University, Beijing Genomics Institute, Shenzhen BGI College, and scientific research institutes from other nations -- including the US -- have jointly promoted an international program for synthesis of saccharomyces genes, with a view to making artificial re-design and chemical re-creation for the saccharomyces genome. S. cerevisiae is the yeast commonly and traditionally used in brewing, baking, winemaking and producing yeast extracts.